Hing (Ferula foetida)
Family : Apiaceae
Rasa : Katu
Guna : Lakhu, Snigdha, Teekshna, Sara
Virya : UshnaPLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
English : Asafoetida
Hindi : Hing
Malayalam : Kayam, Palkayam, Karikkayam, Perumkayam
Distribution : Growing wild in Panjab, Kashmir, Iran and Afghanistan.
A medium sized perennial herb grows up to 3 m hight. Stem solid, fleshy, clothed with membranous leaf sheaths: leaves radical. 45 cm long, shiny, coriaceous with pinnatified segments and channeled petiole; flowers 10-20 in the main and 5-6 in the partial umbels; fruits flat thin, reddish brown.
The resin which exudes from the cut surface is the commercial form of asafoetida.
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, asthma, hysteria, constipation, chronic bronchitis, whooping cough, epilepsy, mental diseases and liver diseases.
Useful part : Dried resin.